Baikal skullcap wikipedia

Being bitter, cold and dry with strong actions for clearing hear and drying dampness, it can clear damp-heat of spleen and stomach, liver and gallbladder, large intestine and urinary bladder meridians, thus it is widely indicated for damp-heat syndrome. For good at both clearing heat and drying dampness and easily enter meridians of lung, stomach and gallbladder to clear excess heat at qi system, and good at relieving high fever, it is commonly used for disease of damp-warm or summer dampness with dampness and heat encumbering in qi system manifested as lingering heat, stuffiness and distention of epigastrium, vomiting and nausea with yellow greasy tongue coating.

Compared with other herbs, it is used more widely. In order to achieve both clearing heat and resolving dampness and to separate and guide the pathogenic dampness and heat out, it is commonly combined with herbs for resolving dampness, moving qi and damp-draining diuretics.

To strengthen the actions for clearing heat and drying dampness and detoxifying in case of dysentery due to damp-heat, it is combined with Huang Lian together such as Ge Gen Huang Qin Huang Lian Tang from Shang Han Lun. For jaundice due to damp-heat, it is used as an assistant herb for damp-excreting and anti-icteric herbs such as Yin Chen and Zhi Zi. It enters meridians of lung, stomach and gallbladder to clear heat and purge fire, for treating various excess zang-fu heat syndromes. It is commonly used for cough with yellow sputum, and lung heat accumulation with failure of purifying and descending.

Its actions can be strengthened by using lung-heat-purging herbs or cough-stopping and phlegm-resolving herbs together. Being good at clearing half-exterior and half-interior heat, it is commonly combined with Chai Hu to harmonize shaoyang by dispersing shaoyang pathogen. Thercfore, it is a commonly-used herb for treating the pathogenic cold invading shaoyang with alternative fevers and chills.

For treating excess heat at qi system of upper and middle energizer with high fever lingering, it is combined with heat-clearing and fire-purging herbs such as Zhi ZiLian QiaoZhu Yeetc.

Baikal Skullcap

Besides the actions for clearing heat and relieving toxicity for treating warm disease and dysentery due to heat-toxin, it is often used for heat-toxin syndrome such as abscesses, sore throat. Therefore, it is commonly combined with toxicity-removing and abscess-relieving herbs. As a commonly-used blood-cooling and bleeding-stopping herb for being able to cool blood and stop bleeding, it can be used for hematemesis, hemoptysis, hemafecia and hematuria or metrorrhagia and metrostaxis due to blood heat.

It is used singly or combined with other blood-cooling and bleeding-stopping herbs. It is combined with meridian-warming and blood-stopping herbs for treating hemorrhagia of deficiency cold. In addition, for its actions of clearing heat and preventing abortion, it can be used for insecurity of fetus or pregnancy bleeding caused by excess heat in pregnancy period going down to disturb blood sea to make the blood flowing out of the vessels or heat disturbing fetus.

It is combined together with blood-nourishing and abortion-preventing herbs such as Dang guiBai ShaoBai Zhuetc. It has stronger actions of clearing heat and drying dampness when using the raw one.

Health benefits of Baikal Skullcap

For stopping bleeding and preventing abortion, the stir-baked one is better. Harvest Collected in spring and autumn. The actual smell and taste Slightly smell and bitter taste. Best quality Slender stem, yellow hard texture. Processing Unprocessed or stir-baked, or prepaired with wine. The Effect of Baical Skullcap Root Property Bitter, cold; lung, stomach, gallbladder, large intestine or bladder meridians entered. Actions Clear heat and dry dampness, purge fire and relieve toxicity, cool blood and stop bleeding.

Indications A. Various damp-heat syndromes such as damp-warm, summer dampness, stranguria syndrome, dysentery, jaundice Being bitter, cold and dry with strong actions for clearing hear and drying dampness, it can clear damp-heat of spleen and stomach, liver and gallbladder, large intestine and urinary bladder meridians, thus it is widely indicated for damp-heat syndrome.Scientific Name s : Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi.

Medically reviewed by Drugs. Last updated on February 20, Baikal skullcap has been used for anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, immunoprotective, anticancer, antimicrobial, antiviral, and circulatory conditions.

However, limited quality clinical trials are available to support these uses. In a phase 1 study of healthy volunteers, baicalein to 2, mg was not associated with hepatic or kidney toxicity. Baikal skullcap is an herbaceous perennial with fleshy roots, growing to 0.

It has lancet-shaped leaves, purple-blue flowers, and black-brown, egg-shaped nutlets.

baikal skullcap wikipedia

The plant is found in Japan, China, Korea, Mongolia, and Russia 1 and thrives on sunny, grassy slopes and in dry, sandy soils. The dried root is used in traditional Chinese medicine. Baikal skullcap is related to skullcap Scutellaria laterifoliaa North American species see Scullcap monograph. Baikal skullcap is a Chinese medicinal herb that was used for over 2, years to treat fevers, hypertension, coughing, and other ailments, and is used today as a traditional remedy for dysentery and diarrhea.

Baikal skullcap was included as an ingredient in several pharmaceutical combination preparations found in a second century AD tomb in northwestern China. Baikal skullcap is prescribed in China for fever, cough, GI, and urinary problems.

These uses have been supported by clinical trials. Baikal skullcap is also used in Chinese herbal medicine for inflammation, allergies, dermatitis, hyperlipidemia, and atherosclerosis.

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Major phytochemicals found in S. Anti-inflammatory effects of Baikal skullcap are well documented. One study reported an effect similar to that of prednisolone with an methanolic extract of 3 flavonoids wogonin, baicalein, and baicalin. Another study reported that chloroform extract of Saxifraga rivularis exhibited greater inhibition than indomethacin against carrageenan-induced rat paw edema. Baicalin also demonstrated the most effective inhibition activity when compared with baicalein and wogonin.Genus Scutellaria has over species, which are present, worldwide; some of them, such as Scutellaria laterifolia or S.

Chinese Skullcap is the most common name of Scutellaria baicalensis. Baikal Skullcap is a low growing herbaceous perennial shrub that normally grows about 30 cm in height, but spreading up to cm wide.

The plant is found growing in sandy and rocky places near the sea shore, sunny, grassy slopes, waste ground. The plant grows well in sandy, rocky soils and needs full sun, desert lands, waste and cultivated areas. Soil should be well drained, but should not dry out completely and does well in cultivated planting beds.

The plant can moderately withstand the harsh temperatures and grows easily. It is a perennial plant with a life cycle of at least 3 years. The plant has 5—25 cm long, 0. They are dark brown and woody on the outside and bright yellow inside. Stem is tetragonal, erect, branching near base, pubescent in the stem margins. The top of the leaf is dark green, and the color below is lighter. The petiole is short, about 2 mm long with abdomen concave and convex, and puberulent.

The plant blooms from July to August to produce blue-purple flowers that are helmet shaped on the upper part and have a skirt, wide like lobe on the underneath. The flowers are tubular and are held together in one side with long stalks adding more height to the plant. Its corolla is purple, purple—red and blue.

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And its length is 2. There are four pairs of stamens. Fertile flowers are followed by a bunch of small tuberculate nutlets, nearly globular, dark brown with a tumour, and 1. Baikal skullcap is a Chinese medicinal herb that was used for over 2, years to treat fevers, hypertension, coughing, and other ailments, and is used today as a traditional remedy for dysentery and diarrhea. Baikal skullcap was included as an ingredient in several pharmaceutical combination preparations found in a second century AD tomb in northwestern China.

Baikal skullcap is recommended in China for fever, cough, GI, and urinary problems. These uses have been supported by clinical trials. Baikal skullcap is also used in Chinese herbal medicine for inflammation, allergies, dermatitis, hyperlipidemia, and atherosclerosis.

baikal skullcap wikipedia

It has been extensively used as a medicinal plant in China for decades. Its traditional use has been for microbial infections, inflammation, diarrhea, dysentery, hypertension, hemorrhaging, insomnia, cholesterol management, and respiratory infections. It has a number of health benefits which are mentioned below. Research has recommended that the compounds found in skullcap may help slow the growth of prostate cancer tumors. Skullcap was a constituent of the herbal formula PC-SPES, a dietary supplement that was taken off the market because some batches were found to contain prescription medications.

Baikal Skullcap is beneficial for dealing with allergic conditions like asthma, hay fever, eczema, and nettle rash. Flavonoids in particular prevent the inflammatory processes in the body that lead to allergic reactions. Research on rats has discovered that Chinese skullcap can prevent the development of benign prostatic hyperplasia BPH by suppressing abnormal androgen and relieving inflammation.Scutellaria is a genus of flowering plants in the mint family, Lamiaceae.

They are known commonly as skullcaps. They have four-angled stems and opposite leaves. The flowers have upper and lower lips.

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The genus is most easily recognized by the typical shield on the calyx that has also prompted its common name. Skullcaps are common herbal remedies in systems of traditional medicine.

In traditional Chinese medicine they are utilized to "clear away the heat-evil and expel superficial evils". It is still in demand today, and marketed in volumes that have led to the overexploitation of the wild plant. Its rarity has led to an increase in price, and encouraged the adulteration of the product with other species of Scutellaria.

In North America, Scutellaria lateriflora became [ when? The main compounds responsible for the biological activity of skullcap are flavonoids. Some Scutellaria species, including S.

Estimates of the number of species in the genus range from around [4] [6] to about [7] [32] or [33] to Species include: [2] [35] [36] [37]. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Cruzia Phil. Theresa Clos Scutellaria is a genus of flowering plants in the mint family, Lamiaceae. Scutellaria alabamensis — Alabama skullcap Scutellaria albida Scutellaria alborosea Lem.

Scutellaria alpina L. Don — barbed skullcap Scutellaria bolanderi A. Gray — Sierra skullcap Scutellaria brachyspica Scutellaria brittonii — Britton's skullcap Scutellaria bushii — Bush's skullcap Scutellaria caerulea — blue skullcap Scutellaria californica A.

Gray — California skullcap Scutellaria cardiophylla — gulf skullcap Scutellaria columnae Scutellaria costaricana H. Scutellaria indica L. Scutellaria integrifolia L. Scutellaria longituba Scutellaria meehanioides Scutellaria mexicana Scutellaria microphylla — littleleaf skullcap Scutellaria minor Huds.

Gray — dwarf skullcap Scutellaria nervosa — veiny skullcap Scutellaria novae-zelandaie Scutellaria ocmulgee — Ocmulgee skullcap Scutellaria orientalis Scutellaria ovata Hill — heart-leaved skullcap Scutellaria parvula Michx. United States Department of Agriculture.

Retrieved Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Robert W.

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Freckmann Herbarium. University of Wisconsin, Stevens Point. In Janick, J. Trends in New Crops and New Uses. The Jepson eFlora Journal of Ethnopharmacology. Planta Medica.Scutellaria macrantha Fisch. Scutellaria baicalensiswith the common name Baikal skullcap or Chinese skullcapis a species of flowering plant in the family Lamiaceae.

Wright, and S. Its use in TCM is for "for the prophylaxis and treatment of hepatitisatherosclerosishypertensionhyperlipidemiatype 2 diabetesdysenteryulcerative colitisand respiratory disorders. It is important to use the Latin name, as the term 'skullcap' is used for over varieties. Sometimes, Scutellaria lateriflora North American skullcap is mistaken for S. This confusion can result in the intake of the S.

Data related to Scutellaria baicalensis at Wikispecies. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Georgi [1]. Retrieved Pharm Biol. Acta Pharmacologica Sinica. Anxiolytics N05B. Gabapentin Gabapentin enacarbil Phenibut Pregabalin. SSRIs e. Alpha-1 blockers e. GABA A receptor positive modulators. Etomidate Metomidate Propoxate.

Fospropofol Propofol Thymol. Glutethimide Methyprylon Piperidione Pyrithyldione. Hidden categories: CS1 Chinese-language sources zh Articles with 'species' microformats Articles containing Chinese-language text All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from February Commons category link from Wikidata. Namespaces Article Talk.

Views Read Edit View history.SuperSport have only suffered one loss in all competitions at home this season, with that loss coming from neighbours Sundowns in August last year.

Matsatsantsa have since went on an eight-match unbeaten run in all competitions at home after that loss. City got off to a bright start to life under McCarthy, reaching the MTN8 final but they have won only one of their last six league games, with their dramatic second half collapse at home to Maritzburg United in midweek particularly concerning.

City will need to bring far more defensive resolve to Tshwane on Saturday, as they seek redemption for the MTN8 final defeat to SuperSport on October 14.

baikal skullcap wikipedia

City have only won two away games in the league this season, at Wits in the first round of fixtures, and at Ajax, though that was effectively on their home ground at Cape Town Stadium. But I just fancy them to add a third today. Matsatsantsa are on a good run under Eric Tinkler, unbeaten in seven league games, but I think that will come to an end, with City winning 2-1.

Baical Skullcap Root

Follow the game live HERE. Would you like to place a soccer bet. Click here to get started in 3 easy steps. Why SuperSport will win (Khaya Ndubane, Online Content Manager) Coach Eric Tinkler has already tasted victory against his former team City albeit through a penalty shootout in the final of the MTN8 in October. Prediction: SuperSport United 1 Cape Town City 2 Follow the game live HERE. Man UnitedMan CityDraw googletag. Holding the sign is five-year-old Melville Grosvenor, future editor of National Geographic.

Thomas Selfridge, became the first person to die in a plane crash when he tested the 1908 Wright Military Flyer the following year. He usually escaped to his estate in Nova Scotia, but one year obligations forced him to stay in the humid capital. Nearby, President Woodrow Wilson had installed an ice plant that lowered the temperature in the White House to 80 degrees. By the time Bell read about it in the newspaper, he had already outdone the president.

He then went on to predict the commercial airplane, solar panels, and the need for renewable resources.

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But the past century had birthed extraordinary discoveries, from the telegraph to the photograph. Bell made daily additions to the legendary notebooks: sketches of inventions, musings, press clippings. Others were huge undertakings: Bell spent decades trying to breed sheep with more than two nipples.

While still working on the telephone, Bell grew interested in designing a flying machine. The next year, and a few months after receiving his last patent, Bell died at age 75. During his funeral all 14,346,701 phones in America went silent for one minute in tribute to their inventor. Alexander Graham Bell hated few things more than summertime in Washington, D. See Locations Near You Exhibits Enjoy a variety of exhibitions that reflect the richness and diversity of our world.

Technologists love to predict the future. Indeed, there is an entire Wikipedia entry devoted to the predictions of futurist Ray Kurzweil. His track record for getting "the future" right is. This Contrafabulist project will track the predictions being made about the future of science and technology.

And who are the loudest voices shaping not so much the future itself as much as our imagination about what the future is supposed to look like. The Week in Predictions: 9 December 2017(You can also stay up-to-date via this project's blog. Which means, until the 2018 Golden Globe noms are announced on Monday at 5:00a. PT, this could be anybody's year. Wonder Woman: Warner Bros. We all loved Wonder Woman, but no one really thinks it will be nominated for Best Picture, right.

The Globes seem much more attainable.Double bet of handicap is offered (Asian handicap). Bet on victory or total taking into account the handicap, this is the multiple of 0. In case when the Asian handicap is included in parlay or system, it is calculated with that odd which would be in case of a single bet.

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For example:Bet Sport event Double bet of total Odd Sum1 Milan - Juventus Over 2. One common bet of double total (Under 2) has won with the odd "1", and the other (Under 2. Two common bets of double total (Over 2. Two common bets of double total (Under 2. Score of the match. The result of the first half and the whole match. It is necessary to guess both outcomes of the first half and the outcome of the whole match. The following designation is used in the line. On the first place is the outcome of the 1-st half, and on the second place is the outcome of the whole match.

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